How to diagnose urinary tract infections in women?
The urologist will ask about the symptoms and the sexual activity of the patient; a urine analysis and urine culture will be required to prove the infection and determine the nature of the bacteria.
In case of recurrent UTIs, a doctor may request :
Diagnostic imaging: to assess the urinary tract by using ultrasound, CT and MRI scanning, radiation tracking, or X-rays.
Cystoscopy: This diagnostic exam helps the doctor to examine the lining of your bladder with a camera lens, which inserted through the urethra through a long thin tube.
Treatment of urinary tract infections in women
To treat the infection, the doctor prescribes an antibiotic before the urine tests are done. When the results show the nature of the bacteria (+ an antibiogram), the urologist may change the prescription if this bacteria is resistant to this antibiotic.
If the infection is not treated, it can lead to kidney damage.
In case of recurrent infections in women:
-Take a single dose of an antibiotic after sexual intercourse.
-Take a single, daily dose of an antibiotic for 6 months.
-Undergo estrogen therapy in case of menopause especially put vaginal eggs.
-Drink lots of water.
-Reduce the quantity of alcohol and caffeine.
-Urinate directly after sexual intercourse.
-Wipe from front to back after urinating and defecating.
-Maintain good personal hygiene of the genital area.
-Sanitary pads or menstrual cups are preferred to tampons.
-Not use any perfumed product in the genital area.
-Wear cotton underwear.