What is an overactive bladder?
Overactive bladder, also called OAB, is a combination of several symptoms that can include:
-An uncontrolled frequent and sudden urge to urinate.
-Urinate many times during the day and night.
These symptoms can disrupt your life, even if you are able to get to the toilet in time when you feel an urge to urinate.
What are the symptoms?
-Inability to control the sudden urge to urinate.
-Urinate few times in 24 hours.
-Wake up few times at night to urinate.
What are the causes?
-Weak pelvic muscles: Pregnancy and childbirth can lead to the weakness of the pelvic muscles; so the bladder will sag out of its normal position.
-Nerve damage: Trauma and diseases (Parkinson’s, multiple sclerosis) can cause the damage of the nerves that sent signals to the brain and bladder to squeeze urine out of the body; so the patient will empty his bladder at the wrong time.
-Medicines that cause a rapid increase in urine production.
-Consuming a lot of caffeine or alcohol.
–Urinary tract infection: UTI can irritate the bladder nerves and cause compression to the bladder.
-Excess weight: The overweight causes extra pressure on your bladder. This can lead to urge incontinence.
-Hormonal deficiency in estrogen after menopause
Sometimes the doctor doesn’t find a cause for the overactive bladder.
Follow the link for more information about the causes of overactive bladder.
What are the risk factors?
– You have a high risk of having an overactive bladder when you get older. Age also raises your risk of other conditions that affect bladder control: BPH, diabetes…
-Women have more risk of developing an overactive bladder than men for several causes that affect the hormones and the pelvic muscles: menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause.
-People who have certain diseases like stroke or multiple sclerosis.
Overactive bladder can affect your social and sexual life:
-Sleep disorders (Waking up often at night to pee).
-Negative effects on sexual activities.