Urinary tract infections in women
Urinary tract infections in women are very frequent(over 50 percent of women develop a UTI) and may have a recurrence.
The essential cause is the bacterium Escherichia coli (E. coli), found in the digestive system. Chlamydia and mycoplasma bacteria can cause infection in the urethra, but not in the bladder.
When the infection is located:
-In the bladder: cystitis.
-In the urethra: urethritis.
-In the kidney: pyelonephritis.
The ureters are very rarely the site of infection.
What are the Risk Factors?
-Sexual intercourse with multiple or new partners (especially Chlamydia and gonorrhea).
-Bad personal hygiene.
-Problems emptying the bladder completely.
-A urinary catheter.
-Inability to control bowel movements.
-Blocked flow of urine.
-A procedure that affects the urinary system.
-A suppression of the immune system by certain medications.
-Immobility for a long period.
-Using spermicides and tampons.
-Take a lot of antibiotics, which can destroy the natural flora of the bowel and urinary tract.
-Blood in the urine.
-Bad smell of urine.
-Pain when urinating.
-Nausea and vomiting.
-Muscle aches and abdominal pains.
-In case of Cystitis: low fever, pressure, and cramping in the abdomen and lower back.
Some upper UTIs can lead to serious problems; recurrent or non-treated kidney infections can cause permanent damage.
I the case of pregnancy, kidney infections can lead to premature delivery or to low birth weight.